Almost all scientific processes are based critical thinking. The scientist looks for rational explanations for a problem and tends not to take things for granted. He wants to be convinced, and therefore may see others’ ideas or beliefs as false or weak. This is one of the reasons for the fact that critical thinking is often confused with criticism. Although it is true that scientists often criticise one another in a negative way, the critical thinking processes are usually of positive nature; those who challenge existing ideas and suggest new assumptions are those who promote progress and solve intellectual and technical problems.
Logical thinking affects the critical thinking process because it uses Deductive thinking which “is the kind of reasoning that begins with two or more premises and derives a conclusion that must follow from those premises, a conclusion” (Kirby and Goodpaster, 2007) and inductive reasoning which “usually begins with a set of evidence or observations” (Kirby and Goodpaster, 2007). All three thinking styles are required in the critical thinking process in order reach a valid and sound conclusion.
INSTRUCTIONS FOR WRITING A CRITICAL THINKING ESSAY
Before beginning a critical thinking essay it’s a good idea to come up to speed on critical thinking and what it is. The process of thinking critically begins with an open mind. It’s quite alright to already have an opinion on an issue but you must be willing to at least consider objectively ideas that differ from your own.